What Is It?
A medicated, plastic device that is placed into the uterus. It has a string attached that hangs down into the vagina.
How Does It Work?
In most cases, prevents fertilization of egg. If egg is fertilized, prevents egg from attaching to the uterus.
How Is It Used?
A clinician inserts IUD into the uterus. Patient should check correct placement by feeling for the string.
There are two kinds:
- Paragard® (effective up to 10 years)
- Mirena® (effective up to 5 years)
- Does not interfere with sex
- Nothing to remember (except checking the string)
- Long-acting (either 5 years, or up to 10 years)
- May not stay in place
- Some women may have heavy bleeding and cramps
- Should not be used by women with diabetes, HIV infection, anemia or impaired immune system conditions
- May increase risk of pelvic inflammatory disease in women with multiple partners
DOES NOT REDUCE THE RISK OF HIV/AIDS OR STDs