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Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Obesity Prevention

Obesity Prevention

During the two decades prior to 2007, obesity prevalence doubled among Delaware adults.  Fortunately, the trend has levelled off for the past decade.  The causes of obesity are complex, involving individual risk factors, genetics, cultural and economic factors, and environmental and food industry influences. The obesity epidemic in the U.S. has high economic and health costs, contributing to a number of the leading causes of premature death, illness and disability. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have identified this epidemic as a high priority winnable battle.

Health Consequences of Obesity:

Obesity increases the risk of many chronic diseases, including:

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  • Coronary heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Cancers, such as endometrial, breast, and colon cancer
  • High total cholesterol and high levels of triglycerides
  • Liver and gallbladder disease
  • Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
  • Degeneration of cartilage and underlying bone within a joint (osteoarthritis)
  • Reproductive health complications such as infertility
  • Mental health conditions

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