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The Division of Public Health is currently working with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) to investigate the source of bacterial infection in a group of patients following anesthetic injections from a Delaware health care provider. Some of the patients had to be admitted to the hospital due to the infections. This communication serves to remind providers that single-use vials are intended for single use only and typically lack any antimicrobial preservative to help prevent the growth of potential contaminating bacteria.
Over the past several decades, there has been a shift in healthcare delivery from the acute, inpatient hospital setting to a variety of ambulatory care settings. Vulnerable patient populations rely on frequent and intensive use of ambulatory care to maintain or improve their health. It is critical that this care be provided under conditions that minimize or eliminate risks of healthcare-associated infections.
All healthcare settings, regardless of the level of care provided, must be equipped to observe Standard Precautions. Standard Precautions include: 1) hand hygiene, 2) use of personal protective equipment, 3) safe injection practices, 4) safe handling of potentially contaminated equipment or surfaces in the patient environment, and 5) respiratory hygiene/cough etiquette.
Injection safety includes practices intended to prevent transmission of infectious diseases between one patient and another, or between a patient and healthcare provider during preparation and administration of parenteralmedications.
Unsafe practices that have led to outbreaks and patient harm include 1) use of a single syringe, with or without the same needle, to administer medication to multiple patients, 2) reinsertion of a used syringe, with or without the same needle, into a medication vial or solution container to obtain additional medication for a single patient and then using that vial or solution container for subsequent patients, 3) preparation of medications in close proximity to contaminated supplies or equipment, 4) inappropriate use of single/multi-dose vials.
For more specific information, call DPH Bureau of Epidemiology 1-888-295-5156 or refer to the following websites:
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