Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) are infections acquired during the course of medical care in a healthcare facility. For more information, please visit CDC’s HAI Burden page. In Delaware, these often occur through catheter use in the blood or urinary tract, or in surgical sites.
HAIs can be severe and sometimes deadly. About 1 in every 20 inpatients contracts an HAI during their hospital stay. These complications are among the top 10 leading causes of death in the country. For more information please read the research article found at this link.
Through prevention, surveillance, and response activities, the Division of Public Health is committed to reducing the number of HAIs in hospitals throughout the state and ensuring the highest quality healthcare for all Delawareans.
Prevention of HAIs is of utmost importance among healthcare and public health communities. The Division of Public Health works with networks of healthcare facilities along with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Quality Insights of Delaware, infection control organizations, academic organizations, laboratorians, and others to reduce the occurrence of HAIs across Delaware. These activities include:
|Acute Care Hospitals||Urgent care or other short-term stay facilities for surgery, acute medical conditions, or injuries (e.g. critical access facilities, oncology facilities, military/VA facilities).|
|Outpatient Dialysis Facilities||Facilities that treat hemodialysis patients in-center, as part of the End Stage Renal Disease Quality Incentive Program through the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services.|
|Long-Term Acute Care Hospitals||Hospitals that treat patients that may require extended care, typically for more than 25 days. Most of these patients are transferred from an intensive or critical care unit.|
|Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities||A hospital that specializes in therapies to help restore a patient's functional abilities.|
|Ambulatory Surgery Centers||Facilities that perform procedures that do not require the patient to stay overnight in the hospital. Also known as outpatient or same-day surgery centers.|
|Long-Term Care Facilities||Nursing homes, assisted living, chronic care facilities, and skilled nursing facilities. These facilities are not required to report HAIs in Delaware. However, HAIs remain a burden in many long-term care facilities.|
For information on current and upcoming reporting requirements for each of these facilities, see the Healthcare Facility HAI Reporting Requirements to CMS.
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